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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Observation of strong excitonic magneto-chiral anisotropy in twisted bilayer van der Waals crystals.

  • Author(s): Lan, Shoufeng
  • Liu, Xiaoze
  • Wang, Siqi
  • Zhu, Hanyu
  • Liu, Yawen
  • Gong, Cheng
  • Yang, Sui
  • Shi, Jing
  • Wang, Yuan
  • Zhang, Xiang
  • et al.
Abstract

The interplay between chirality and magnetism generates a distinct physical process, the magneto-chiral effect, which enables one to develop functionalities that cannot be achieved solely by any of the two. Such a process is universal with the breaking of parity-inversion and time-reversal symmetry simultaneously. However, the magneto-chiral effect observed so far is weak when the matter responds to photons, electrons, or phonons. Here we report the first observation of strong magneto-chiral response to excitons in a twisted bilayer tungsten disulfide with the amplitude of excitonic magneto-chiral (ExMCh) anisotropy reaches a value of ~4%. We further found the ExMCh anisotropy features with a spectral splitting of ~7 nm, precisely the full-width at half maximum of the excitonic chirality spectrum. Without an externally applied strong magnetic field, the observed ExMCh effect with a spontaneous magnetic moment from the ferromagnetic substrate of thulium iron garnet at room temperature is favorable for device applications. The unique ExMCh processes provide a new pathway to actively control magneto-chiral applications in photochemical reactions, asymmetric synthesis, and drug delivery.

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