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Network analysis: a novel method for mapping neonatal acute transport patterns in California.
- Author(s): Kunz, SN;
- Zupancic, JAF;
- Rigdon, J;
- Phibbs, CS;
- Lee, HC;
- Gould, JB;
- Leskovec, J;
- Profit, J
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1038/jp.2017.20
ObjectiveThe objectives of this study are to use network analysis to describe the pattern of neonatal transfers in California, to compare empirical sub-networks with established referral regions and to determine factors associated with transport outside the originating sub-network.
Study designThis cross-sectional database study included 6546 infants <28 days old transported within California in 2012. After generating a graph representing acute transfers between hospitals (n=6696), we used community detection techniques to identify more tightly connected sub-networks. These empirically derived sub-networks were compared with state-defined regional referral networks. Reasons for transfer between empirical sub-networks were assessed using logistic regression.
ResultsEmpirical sub-networks showed significant overlap with regulatory regions (P<0.001). Transfer outside the empirical sub-network was associated with major congenital anomalies (P<0.001), need for surgery (P=0.01) and insurance as the reason for transfer (P<0.001).
ConclusionNetwork analysis accurately reflected empirical neonatal transfer patterns, potentially facilitating quantitative, rather than qualitative, analysis of regionalized health care delivery systems.
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