Structural analysis of the ADHS electromorph of Drosophila melanogaster.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.75.11.5609
Population geneticists have often determined the fitness differences that account for the dynamics of naturally occurring genetic polymorphisms. However, to understand causal aspects of evolutionary processes requires, in addition, investigation of the physiological and molecular structural differences underlying adaptively significant genetic polymorphisms. The characteristics of the alcohol dehydrogenase gene--enzyme system in Drosophila melanogaster make it well suited for this kind of study. Natural populations of this species are polymorphic for two electrophoretically detectable variants, ADHF and ADHS, of the enzyme. Structural studies reported here reveal that the two variants differ by (at least) a single amino acid replacement, threonine in ADHF for lysine in ADHS.