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Mapping Proximity Associations of Core Spindle Assembly Checkpoint Proteins


The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is critical for sensing defective microtubule-kinetochore attachments and tension across the kinetochore and functions to arrest cells in prometaphase to allow time to repair any errors before proceeding into anaphase. Dysregulation of the SAC leads to chromosome segregation errors that have been linked to human diseases like cancer. Although much has been learned about the composition of the SAC and the factors that regulate its activity, the proximity associations of core SAC components have not been explored in a systematic manner. Here, we have taken a BioID2-proximity-labeling proteomic approach to define the proximity protein environment for each of the five core SAC proteins BUB1, BUB3, BUBR1, MAD1L1, and MAD2L1 in mitotic-enriched populations of cells where the SAC is active. These five protein association maps were integrated to generate a SAC proximity protein network that contains multiple layers of information related to core SAC protein complexes, protein-protein interactions, and proximity associations. Our analysis validated many known SAC complexes and protein-protein interactions. Additionally, it uncovered new protein associations, including the ELYS-MAD1L1 interaction that we have validated, which lend insight into the functioning of core SAC proteins and highlight future areas of investigation to better understand the SAC.

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