Modeling radiation characteristics of semitransparent media containing bubbles or particles.
Modeling of radiation characteristics of semitransparent media containing particles or bubbles in the independent scattering limit is examined. The existing radiative properties models of a single particle in an absorbing medium using the approaches based on (1) the classical Mie theory neglecting absorption by the matrix, (2) the far field approximation, and (3) the near field approximation are reviewed. Comparison between models and experimental measurements are carried out not only for the radiation characteristics but also for hemispherical transmittance and reflectance of porous fused quartz. Large differences are found among the three models predicting the bubble radiative properties when the matrix is strongly absorbing and/or the bubbles are optically large. However, these disagreements are masked by the matrix absorption during calculation of radiation characteristics of the participating medium. It is shown that all three approaches can be used for radiative transfer calculations in an absorbing matrix containing bubbles.