What makes the Tc of monolayer FeSe on SrTiO3 so high: a sign-problem-free quantum Monte Carlo study.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-016-1087-x
Monolayer FeSe films grown on SrTiO3 (STO) substrate show superconducting gap-opening temperatures ([Formula: see text]) which are almost an order of magnitude higher than those of the bulk FeSe and are highest among all known Fe-based superconductors. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy observed "replica bands" suggesting the importance of the interaction between FeSe electrons and STO phonons. These facts rejuvenated the quest for [Formula: see text] enhancement mechanisms in iron-based, especially iron-chalcogenide, superconductors. Here, we perform the first numerically-exact sign-problem-free quantum Monte Carlo simulations to iron-based superconductors. We (1) study the electronic pairing mechanism intrinsic to heavily electron doped FeSe films, and (2) examine the effects of electron-phonon interaction between FeSe and STO as well as nematic fluctuations on [Formula: see text]. Armed with these results, we return to the question "what makes the [Formula: see text] of monolayer FeSe on SrTiO3 so high?" in the conclusion and discussions.