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Open Access Publications from the University of California

High-Performance Pt-Co Nanoframes for Fuel-Cell Electrocatalysis.

  • Author(s): Chen, Shouping
  • Li, Mufan
  • Gao, Mengyu
  • Jin, Jianbo
  • van Spronsen, Matthijs A
  • Salmeron, Miquel B
  • Yang, Peidong
  • et al.
Abstract

Pt-based alloy catalysts are promising candidates for fuel-cell applications, especially for cathodic oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and anodic methanol oxidation reaction (MOR). The rational design of composition and morphology is crucial to promoting catalytic performances. Here, we report the synthesis of Pt-Co nanoframes via chemical etching of Co from solid rhombic dodecahedra. The obtained Pt-Co nanoframes exhibit excellent ORR mass activity in acidic electrolyte, which is as high as 0.40 A mgPt-1 initially and 0.34 A mgPt-1 after 10 000 potential cycles at 0.95 VRHE. Furthermore, their MOR mass activity in alkaline media is up to 4.28 A mgPt-1 and is 4-fold higher than that of commercial Pt/C catalyst. Experimental studies indicate that the weakened binding of intermediate carbonaceous poison contributes to the enhanced MOR behavior. More impressively, the Pt-Co nanoframes also demonstrate remarkable stability under long-term testing, which could be attributed to the negligible electrochemical Co dissolution.

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