Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Antibodies against human lymphokines: I. Methods for induction of antibodies capable of neutralizing stable (alpha) and unstable (beta) lymphotoxins released in vitro by activated human lymphocytes.


Various methods were employed to induce antibodies in rabbits that were capable of neutralizing different families of lymphotoxins (LT). Both stable (alpha-LT) and unstable (beta-LT) molecules, released by activated human lymphocytes in vitro, were neutralized. The different LT families were first separated into their respective groups by physical-chemical methods. Immunization with small quantities of antigen yielded a high percentage of responder animals. Techniques were developed for eliciting alpha-LT antibodies using as little as 2--3 ml of a cell-free supernatant. The situation was more difficult, however, when the unstable beta-LT molecules were employed as antigens. We found that because of the low concentration and lability of beta-LT in supernatants, the immunizing dose had to be: a) handled rapidly, b) larger than that used with the alpha-LT, and c) injected at closer intervals and over a longer immunization protocol. Physical-chemical studies supperted the concept that the LT-neutralizing activity in the immune serum was immunoglobulin.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View