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Residential status and the physical health of a mentally ill population.


Current literature suggests that severely mentally ill individuals are at high risk for increased physical morbidity and mortality. This study considers the relationship between residential arrangements and the health status of this population. It compares the health status of 234 severely mentally ill individuals living throughout California in sheltered-care facilities, institutions, or the general community. Sheltered-care residence was found to predict positive physical health status when traditional risk factors, as well as risk factors peculiar to this population, were controlled for. The results underscore the value of sheltered-care residence for severely mentally ill individuals who need this type of care. Implications of the results are discussed.

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