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Molecular Regulation of Nitrate Responses in Plants.

  • Author(s): Zhao, Lufei
  • Liu, Fei
  • Crawford, Nigel M
  • Wang, Yong
  • et al.
Abstract

Nitrogen is an essential macronutrient that affects plant growth and development. Improving the nitrogen use efficiency of crops is of great importance for the economic and environmental sustainability of agriculture. Nitrate (NO₃-) is a major form of nitrogen absorbed by most crops and also serves as a vital signaling molecule. Research has identified key molecular components in nitrate signaling mainly by employing forward and reverse genetics as well as systems biology. In this review, we focus on advances in the characterization of genes involved in primary nitrate responses as well as the long-term effects of nitrate, especially in terms of how nitrate regulates root development.

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