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Health State Estimation

  • Author(s): Nag, Nitish
  • Advisor(s): Jain, Ramesh C
  • et al.
Creative Commons 'BY-NC-ND' version 4.0 license
Abstract

Life's most valuable asset is health. Continuously understanding the state of our health and modeling how it evolves is essential if we wish to improve it. Given the opportunity that people live with more data about their life today than any other time in history, the challenge rests in interweaving this data with the growing body of knowledge to compute and model the health state of an individual continually.

This dissertation presents an approach to build a personal model and dynamically estimate the health state of an individual by fusing multi-modal data and domain knowledge. The system is stitched together from four essential abstraction elements: 1. the events in our life, 2. the layers of our biological systems (from molecular to an organism), 3. the functional utilities that arise from biological underpinnings, and 4. how we interact with these utilities in the reality of daily life. Connecting these four elements via graph network blocks forms the backbone by which we instantiate a digital twin of an individual. Edges and nodes in this graph structure are then regularly updated with learning techniques as data is continuously digested. Experiments demonstrate the use of dense and heterogeneous real-world data from a variety of personal and environmental sensors to monitor individual cardiovascular health state.

State estimation and individual modeling is the fundamental basis for many revolutionary efforts in health. Continuous access to the individual's state allows a departure from disease-oriented approaches, to a total health continuum paradigm. Precision in predicting health requires a detailed understanding of an individual and their trajectory. By encasing this state estimation within a navigational approach, a user can use a systematic guidance framework to plan actions for each moment to transition their current state towards a desired one. This work concludes by presenting this framework of combining the health state and personal graph model to perpetually plan and assist us in living life towards our goals.

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