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Facilitating hydrogen atom migration via a dense phase on palladium islands to a surrounding silver surface.

  • Author(s): O'Connor, Christopher R
  • Duanmu, Kaining
  • Patel, Dipna A
  • Muramoto, Eri
  • van Spronsen, Matthijs A
  • Stacchiola, Dario
  • Sykes, E Charles H
  • Sautet, Philippe
  • Madix, Robert J
  • Friend, Cynthia M
  • et al.
Abstract

The migration of species across interfaces can crucially affect the performance of heterogeneous catalysts. A key concept in using bimetallic catalysts for hydrogenation is that the active metal supplies hydrogen atoms to the host metal, where selective hydrogenation can then occur. Herein, we demonstrate that, following dihydrogen dissociation on palladium islands, hydrogen atoms migrate from palladium to silver, to which they are generally less strongly bound. This migration is driven by the population of weakly bound states on the palladium at high hydrogen atom coverages which are nearly isoenergetic with binding sites on the silver. The rate of hydrogen atom migration depends on the palladium-silver interface length, with smaller palladium islands more efficiently supplying hydrogen atoms to the silver. This study demonstrates that hydrogen atoms can migrate from a more strongly binding metal to a more weakly binding surface under special conditions, such as high dihydrogen pressure.

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