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ІDENTIFICATION OF LOCATION OF ANIMAL-VEHICLE COLLISION AND PRINCIPALS OF ITS MITIGATION ON THE ROADS

Abstract

The animal–vehicle collisions (AVC) are serious risk of danger for animals, motorists and passengers onthe roads and there are various methods of study of AVCs on the highways. Methodology. The study reviewed of thearticle includes theoretical and empirical result about of identification location AVC on the such directions of research:1.)The speed limit and traffic volume; 2.) Temporal patterns; 3.) Spatial patterns; 4.) Effective mesh size; 5.) Thecorrelation and regression analysis; 6.) Mitigation measure. Results. For example we found out that more study shownthe next directions of research: spatial patterns, the correlation and regression analysis and mitigation measure. As aresult the analysis has shown that variations in landscape scale habitat composition of area were correlated withvariations in wildlife crossing rates at the landscape scale. The hot spots of AVC generally were associated withtopographic features that directed animals towards highways, the presence of habitat adjacent to highways, or foodresources that attracted animals. Practical value. There are correlations between the number and spatial distribution ofAVC and recorded wildlife measuring the distributions and populations of wildlife species. We found out some theunexplored the directions for our research in this field.

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