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Open Access Publications from the University of California

An Unusual Case of Unilateral Papilledema

  • Author(s): Quesada, Daniel;
  • Stapleton, Matthew;
  • Heer, Jadipak;
  • Aguìñiga-Navarrete, Phillip;
  • Kim, Luke
  • et al.

Neuroretinitis from neurosyphilis is an uncommon finding in previously healthy young individuals. A 37-year-old presented with three days of painless, unilateral vision loss with an associated diffuse erythematous non-pruritic truncal rash. Physical exam demonstrated vision loss in the left eye. Fundoscopic exam showed unilateral peripapillary hemorrhage, papilledema and venous engorgement. Labs showed positive syphilis antibody qualitative. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated 12 millimeters of high right frontal lobe cerebrospinal fluid density. The patient was treated with benzylpenicillin and within 18 hours had improvement of his vision.

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