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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Irinotecan Delivery by Lipid-Coated Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles Shows Improved Efficacy and Safety over Liposomes for Pancreatic Cancer.

  • Author(s): Liu, Xiangsheng
  • Situ, Allen
  • Kang, Yanan
  • Villabroza, Katie Rose
  • Liao, Yupei
  • Chang, Chong Hyun
  • Donahue, Timothy
  • Nel, Andre E
  • Meng, Huan
  • et al.

Published Web Location
No data is associated with this publication.

Urgent intervention is required to improve the 5 year survival rate of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). While the four-drug regimen, FOLFIRINOX (comprising irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and leucovorin), has a better survival outcome than the more frequently used gemcitabine, the former treatment platform is highly toxic and restricted for use in patients with good performance status. Since irinotecan contributes significantly to FOLFIRINOX toxicity (bone marrow and gastrointestinal tract), our aim was to reduce the toxicity of this drug by a custom-designed mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSNP) platform, which uses a proton gradient for high-dose irinotecan loading across a coated lipid bilayer (LB). The improved stability of the LB-coated MSNP (LB-MSNP) carrier allowed less drug leakage systemically with increased drug concentrations at the tumor sites of an orthotopic Kras-derived PDAC model compared to liposomes. The LB-MSNP nanocarrier was also more efficient for treating tumor metastases. Equally important, the reduced leakage and slower rate of drug release by the LB-MSNP carrier dramatically reduced the rate of bone marrow, gastrointestinal, and liver toxicity compared to the liposomal carrier. We propose that the combination of high efficacy and reduced toxicity by the LB-MSNP carrier could facilitate the use of irinotecan as a first-line therapeutic to improve PDAC survival.

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