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A 20 amino acid synthetic peptide of a region from the 55 kDa human TNF receptor inhibits cytolytic and binding activities of recombinant human tumour necrosis factor in vitro.

  • Author(s): Hwang, CD
  • Gatanaga, M
  • Innins, EK
  • Yamamoto, RS
  • Granger, GA
  • Gatanaga, T
  • et al.
Abstract

Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF) and Lymphotoxin (LT) can exert a wide range of effects on cells and tissues and they are important effector molecules in cell mediated immunity. All these effects are induced subsequent to the binding of these cytokines to specific membrane receptors. Recently, two of these membrane receptors of 55 and 75 kDa, have been identified which share some amino acid (AA) homology in their N-terminal extracellular domains but differ in their intracellular domains. We synthesized two synthetic 20 AA peptides from hydrophilic regions of the N-terminal extracellular domains of the 55 kDa receptor; peptide A shares homology with both 55 and 75 kDa receptors, peptide B is unique. We found peptide B inhibits both the binding and cytolytic activity of recombinant human TNF when tested on murine L929 cells in vitro. Polyclonal antiserum generated against peptide B will block binding of 125I-labelled TNF to these cells in vitro. However, peptide A and antiserum prepared against peptide A are without effect in these same assay systems. These data suggest that the 20 AA sequences from AA 175 to 194 in the N-terminal extracellular domain of the 55 kDa TNF receptor are expressed on the cell surface and are involved in the binding of TNF.

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