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Power spectral density changes and language lateralization during covert object naming tasks measured with high-density EEG recordings.

  • Author(s): Ramon, C C
  • Holmes, M M
  • Freeman, Walter J, III
  • Gratkowski, Maciej M
  • Eriksen, K J KJ
  • Haueisen, Jens J
  • et al.
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License
Abstract

Our objective was to study changes in EEG time-domain power spectral density (PSDt) and localization of language areas during covert object naming tasks in human subjects with epilepsy. EEG data for subjects with epilepsy were acquired during the covert object naming tasks using a net of 256 electrodes. The trials required each subject to provide the names of common objects presented every 4 seconds on slides. Each trial comprised the 1.0 second before and 3.0 seconds after initial object presentation. PSDt values at baseline and during tasks were calculated in the theta, alpha, beta, low gamma, and high gamma bands. The spatial contour plots reveal that PSDt values during object naming were 10-20% higher than the baseline values for different bands. Language was lateralized to left frontal or temporal areas. In all cases, the Wada test disclosed language lateralization to the left hemisphere as well.

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