CeLAND: search for a 4th light neutrino state with a 3 PBq 144Ce-144Pr electron antineutrino generator in KamLAND
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CeLAND: search for a 4th light neutrino state with a 3 PBq 144Ce-144Pr electron antineutrino generator in KamLAND

  • Author(s): Gando, A
  • Gando, Y
  • Hayashida, S
  • Ikeda, H
  • Inoue, K
  • Ishidoshiro, K
  • Ishikawa, H
  • Koga, M
  • Matsuda, R
  • Matsuda, S
  • Mitsui, T
  • Motoki, D
  • Nakamura, K
  • Oki, Y
  • Otani, M
  • Shimizu, I
  • Shirai, J
  • Suekane, F
  • Suzuki, A
  • Takemoto, Y
  • Tamae, K
  • Ueshima, K
  • Watanabe, H
  • Xu, BD
  • Yamada, S
  • Yamauchi, Y
  • Yoshida, H
  • Cribier, M
  • Durero, M
  • Fischer, V
  • Gaffiot, J
  • Jonqueres, N
  • Kouchner, A
  • Lasserre, T
  • Leterme, D
  • Letourneau, A
  • Lhuillier, D
  • Mention, G
  • Rampal, G
  • Scola, L
  • Veyssiere, C
  • Vivier, M
  • Yala, P
  • Berger, BE
  • Kozlov, A
  • Banks, T
  • Dwyer, D
  • Fujikawa, BK
  • Han, K
  • Kolomensky, YG
  • Mei, Y
  • O'Donnell, T
  • Decowski, P
  • Markoff, DM
  • Yoshida, S
  • Kornoukhov, VN
  • Gelis, TVM
  • Tikhomirov, GV
  • Learned, JG
  • Maricic, J
  • Matsuno, S
  • Milincic, R
  • Karwowski, HJ
  • Efremenko, Y
  • Detwiler, A
  • Enomoto, S
  • et al.
Abstract

The reactor neutrino and gallium anomalies can be tested with a 3-4 PBq (75-100 kCi scale) 144Ce-144Pr antineutrino beta-source deployed at the center or next to a large low-background liquid scintillator detector. The antineutrino generator will be produced by the Russian reprocessing plant PA Mayak as early as 2014, transported to Japan, and deployed in the Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Anti-Neutrino Detector (KamLAND) as early as 2015. KamLAND's 13 m diameter target volume provides a suitable environment to measure the energy and position dependence of the detected neutrino flux. A characteristic oscillation pattern would be visible for a baseline of about 10 m or less, providing a very clean signal of neutrino disappearance into a yet-unknown, sterile neutrino state. This will provide a comprehensive test of the electron dissaperance neutrino anomalies and could lead to the discovery of a 4th neutrino state for Delta_m^2 > 0.1 eV^2 and sin^2(2theta) > 0.05.

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