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Characterization of densified fully stabilized nanometric zirconia by positron annihilation spectroscopy

  • Author(s): Garay, J E
  • Glade, S C
  • Asoka-Kumar, P
  • Anselmi-Tamburini, U
  • Munir, Zuhair A
  • et al.
Abstract

Fully stabilized nanometric zirconia samples with varying degrees of porosity and grain sizes were analyzed using the coincidence Doppler broadening mode of the positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS). A decrease in the low-momentum fraction was observed and coincided with a decrease in porosity. In addition to pores, it is proposed that defects in the negatively charged grain-boundary space region act as positron trapping centers; their effectiveness decreases with an increase in grain size. It is shown that PAS is sensitive to small grain-size differences within the nanometric regime in these oxide materials. (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics.

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