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Anomalous transients in GPS measurements due to induced changes in local site conditions

  • Author(s): Gupta, Sandeep
  • Singharoy, Paresh Nath
  • Yadav, Rajeev Kumar
  • Catherine, Joshi K
  • Burgmann, Roland
  • Gahalaut, Vineet K
  • et al.
Abstract

© 2019, Indian Academy of Sciences. Transients in GPS time series can occur due to post-seismic deformation, seasonal hydrological loads, sea-level changes, flood and drought conditions, excessive groundwater withdrawal and recharge, etc. We report two new cases where the application of external loading, namely, earthquake loading and surface loading due to impoundment of hydroelectric reservoir, probably altered the local hydrological conditions to cause anomalous transients in the surface displacement. In the first case, moderate shaking due to the 2015 Gorkha earthquake at Patna (Bihar, India) caused transients in ground deformation in the following 50–60 days of the earthquake which are recorded by a continuous GPS site at Patna. In the second case, impoundment of the Tehri reservoir and its seasonal variations in the Garhwal Himalaya probably altered the local hydrological conditions which is causing anomalous biannual cyclic deformation at a site KUNR, near the reservoir.

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