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Isoprene and monoterpene fluxes measured above Amazonian rainforest and their dependence on light and temperature

  • Author(s): Rinne, HJI
  • Guenther, AB
  • Greenberg, JP
  • Harley, PC
  • et al.
Abstract

Canopy scale emissions of isoprene and monoterpenes from Amazonian rainforest were measured by eddy covariance and eddy accumulation techniques. The peak mixing ratios at about 10m above the canopy occurred in the afternoon and were typically about 90pptv of α-pinene and 4-5ppbv of isoprene. α-pinene was the most abundant monoterpene in the air above the canopy comprising ≃50% of the total monoterpene mixing ratio. Measured isoprene fluxes were almost 10 times higher than α-pinene fluxes. Normalized conditions of 30°C and 1000μmolm-2s-1 were associated with an isoprene flux of 2.4mgm-2h-1 and a β-pinene flux of 0.26mgm-2h-1. Both fluxes were lower than values that have been specified for Amazon rainforests in global emission models. Isoprene flux correlated with a light- and temperature-dependent emission activity factor, and even better with measured sensible heat flux. The variation in the measured α-pinene fluxes, as well as the diurnal cycle of mixing ratio, suggest emissions that are dependent on both light and temperature. The light and temperature dependence can have a significant effect on the modeled diurnal cycle of monoterpene emission as well as on the total monoterpene emission. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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