High Precision Hybrid RF and Ultrasonic Chirp-based Ranging for Low-Power IoT Nodes
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High Precision Hybrid RF and Ultrasonic Chirp-based Ranging for Low-Power IoT Nodes

  • Author(s): Cox, Bert
  • Perre, Liesbet Van der
  • Wielandt, Stijn
  • Ottoy, Geoffrey
  • Strycker, Lieven De
  • et al.
Abstract

Hybrid acoustic-RF systems offer excellent ranging accuracy, yet they typically come at a power consumption that is too high to meet the energy constraints of mobile IoT nodes. We combine pulse compression and synchronized wake-ups to achieve a ranging solution that limits the active time of the nodes to 1 ms. Hence, an ultra low-power consumption of 9.015 {\mu}W for a single measurement is achieved. Measurements based on a proof-of-concept hardware platform show median distance error values below 10 cm. Both simulations and measurements demonstrate that the accuracy is reduced at low signal-to-noise ratios and when reflections occur. We introduce three methods that enhance the distance measurements at a low extra processing power cost. Hence, we validate in realistic environments that the centimeter accuracy can be obtained within the energy budget of mobile devices and IoT nodes. The proposed hybrid signal ranging system can be extended to perform accurate, low-power indoor positioning.

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