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LysMD3 is a type II membrane protein without an in vivo role in the response to a range of pathogens

  • Author(s): Yokoyama, CC
  • Baldridge, MT
  • Leung, DW
  • Zhao, G
  • Desai, C
  • Liu, TC
  • Diaz-Ochoa, VE
  • Huynh, JP
  • Kimmey, JM
  • Sennott, EL
  • Hole, CR
  • Idol, RA
  • Park, S
  • Storek, KM
  • Wang, C
  • Hwang, S
  • Milam, AV
  • Chen, E
  • Kerrinnes, T
  • Starnbach, MN
  • Handley, SA
  • Mysorekar, IU
  • Allen, PM
  • Monack, DM
  • Dinauer, MC
  • Doering, TL
  • Tsolis, RM
  • Dworkin, JE
  • Stallings, CL
  • Amarasinghe, GK
  • Micchelli, CA
  • Virgina, HW
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5912457/
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

© 2018 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Germline-encoded receptors recognizing common pathogen-associated molecular patterns are a central element of the innate immune system and play an important role in shaping the host response to infection. Many of the innate immune molecules central to these signaling pathways are evolutionarily conserved. LysMD3 is a novel molecule containing a putative peptidoglycan-binding domain that has orthologs in humans, mice, zebrafish, flies, and worms. We found that the lysin motif (LysM) of LysMD3 is likely related to a previously described peptidoglycan-binding LysM found in bacteria. Mouse LysMD3 is a type II integral membrane protein that co-localizes with GM130 structures, consistent with localization to the Golgi apparatus. We describe here two lines of mLysMD3-deficient mice for in vivo characterization of mLysMD3 function. We found that mLysMD3-deficient mice were born at Mendelian ratios and had no obvious pathological abnormalities. They also exhibited no obvious immune response deficiencies in a number of models of infection and inflammation. mLysMD3-deficient mice exhibited no signs of intestinal dysbiosis by 16S analysis or alterations in intestinal gene expression by RNA sequencing. We conclude that mLysMD3 contains a LysM with cytoplasmic orientation, but we were unable to define a physiological role for the molecule in vivo.

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