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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Sensory Input Pathways and Mechanisms in Swallowing: A Review

  • Author(s): Steele, Catriona M.
  • Miller, Arthur J.
  • et al.

Over the past 20 years, research on the physiology of swallowing has confirmed that the oropharyngeal swallowing process can be modulated, both volitionally and in response to different sensory stimuli. In this review we identify what is known regarding the sensory pathways and mechanisms that are now thought to influence swallowing motor control and evoke its response. By synthesizing the current state of research evidence and knowledge, we identify continuing gaps in our knowledge of these mechanisms and pose questions for future research.

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