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Gender Influences on Shoulder Arthroplasty.


Purpose of review

As the incidence of shoulder arthroplasty continues to increase, there is growing interest in patient-based factors that may predict outcomes. Based on existing literature demonstrating gender-based disparities following total hip and knee arthroplasty, gender may also influence shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this review is to discuss the recent literature on the influence of gender on shoulder arthroplasty, focusing on differences in preoperative parameters, perioperative complications, and postoperative outcomes.

Recent findings

While both female and male patients generally benefit from shoulder arthroplasty, several differences may exist in preoperative factors, acute perioperative complications, and postoperative outcomes. Preoperatively, female patients undergo shoulder arthroplasty at an older age compared to their male counterparts. They may also have greater levels of preoperative disability and different preoperative expectations. Perioperatively, female patients may be at increased risk of extended length of stay, postoperative thromboembolic events, and blood transfusion. Postoperatively, female patients may achieve lower postoperative functional scores and decreased range of motion compared to male patients. Differences in postoperative functional scores may be influenced by gender-based differences in activities of daily living. Finally, female patients may be at greater risk for periprosthetic fracture and aseptic loosening while male patients appear to be at greater risk for periprosthetic infection and revision surgery. Current literature on the influence of gender on shoulder arthroplasty is limited and conflicting. Further research is necessary to delineate how gender affects patients at the pre- and postoperative levels to better inform decision-making and outcomes.

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