Towards Noise Simulation in Interacting Nonequilibrium Systems Strongly Coupled to Baths
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-09060-0
Progress in experimental techniques at nanoscale makes measurements of noise in molecular junctions possible. These data are important source of information not accessible through average flux measurements. The emergence of optoelectronics, the recently shown possibility of strong light-matter couplings, and developments in the field of quantum thermodynamics are making measurements of transport statistics even more important. Theoretical methods for noise evaluation in first principles simulations can be roughly divided into approaches for weak intra-system interactions, and those treating strong interactions for systems weakly coupled to baths. We argue that due to structure of its diagrammatic expansion, and the use of many-body states as a basis of its formulation, the recently introduced nonequilibrium diagrammatic technique for Hubbard Green functions is a relatively inexpensive method suitable for evaluation of noise characteristics in first principles simulations over a wide range of parameters. We illustrate viability of the approach by simulations of noise and noise spectrum within generic models for non-, weakly and strongly interacting systems. Results of the simulations are compared to exact data (where available) and to simulations performed within approaches best suited for each of the three parameter regimes.