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Probing the Interaction of PAF with Human Platelet Membrane Using the Fluorescent Probe Laurdan


Changes in membrane polarity of human platelets during the interaction with PAF were investigated by measuring the steady-state fluorescence emission spectra of 2-dimethylamino(6-lauroyl)naphthalene (Laurdan), which is known to be incorporated at the hydrophobic-hydrophilic interface of the bilayer, displaying spectral sensitivity to the polarity of its surroundings. Laurdan shows a marked steady-state emission red-shift in polar solvents, with respect to non-polar solvents. Our results demonstrate that platelet activation factor (PAF) (10(-7) M) induces a red-shift of the fluorescence emission spectra of Laurdan. These changes were not observed in the presence of the PAF antagonist, L-659,989. These data suggest that the interaction of PAF with its specific receptor and the signalling pathways involved in platelet activation are accompanied by an increase in polarity at the hydrophobic-hydrophilic interface of human platelet membranes.

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