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Magnetic and electronic properties of URu2Si2 revealed by comparison with nonmagnetic references ThRu2Si2 and LaRu2Si2


We have carried out nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements on ThRu2Si2 and LaRu2Si2, which are the nonmagnetic references of the intriguing heavy fermion URu2Si2. The comparisons of URu2Si2 with the reference materials allow us to analyze the already known NMR and NQR data on URu2Si2 phenomenologically and semiquantitatively. The study of 101Ru-NQR frequency suggests the relatively close electronic configuration of URu2Si2, including the valence of the actinide ion, to that of the tetravalent ThRu2Si2 at high temperatures, as well as the delocalization of 5 f electrons at low temperatures. Ising-like spin fluctuations along the c-axis were brought to light by 29Si-NMR data in the so-called hidden order phase of URu2Si2. The unique magnetic property is plausibly associated with the mechanism of the unconventional superconductivity.

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