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Fine-scale heterogeneity in Schistosoma mansoni force of infection measured through antibody response

  • Author(s): Arnold, Benjamin;
  • Kanyi, Henry;
  • Njenga, Sammy;
  • Rawago, Fredrick;
  • Priest, Jeffrey;
  • Secor, Evan;
  • Lammie, Patrick;
  • Won, Kimberly;
  • Odiere, Maurice
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://www.pnas.org/content/117/37/23174
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

Identifying populations with active transmission and monitoring changes in transmission is centrally important in guiding schistosomiasis control programs. Traditionally, human Schistosoma mansoni infections have been detected in stool using microscopy, which is logistically difficult at program scale and has low sensitivity when people have low infection burdens. We compared serological measures of transmission based on antibody response to schistosomiasis soluble egg antigen (SEA) with stool-based measures of infection among 3,663 preschool-age children in an area endemic for S. mansoni in western Kenya. Serological measures of transmission closely aligned with stool-based measures of infection, and serological measures provided better resolution for between-community differences at lower levels of infection. Serology enabled fine- scale measures of heterogeneity in force of infection both geographically and by age. Our results show that serologic surveillance platforms represent an important new opportunity to guide and monitor schistosomiasis control programs.

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