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Role of dyslipidemia in impairment of energy metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammation and cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease.

  • Author(s): Vaziri, Nosratola D
  • et al.
Abstract

Advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) results in a constellation of dysregulation of lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, and inflammation which are causally interconnected and participate in a vicious cycle. The CKD-associated lipid disorders are marked by impaired clearance of very low density lipoprotein and chylomicrons, hypertriglyceridemia, formation of small dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL), oxidative modification of LDL, intermediate density lipoprotein and chylomicron remnants, and high-density lipoprotein deficiency and dysfunction. This review provides a brief overview of the role of CKD-induced lipid disorders in the pathogenesis of oxidative stress, inflammation, cardiovascular disease, impaired exercise capacity, cachexia and wasting syndrome.

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