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Toward an artificial Mott insulator: Correlations in confined high-density electron liquids in SrTiO3

  • Author(s): Moetakef, Pouya
  • Jackson, Clayton A.
  • Hwang, Jinwoo
  • Balents, Leon
  • Allen, S. James
  • Stemmer, Susanne
  • et al.

We investigate correlation physics in high-density, two-dimensional electron liquids that reside in narrow SrTiO3  quantum wells. The quantum wells are remotely doped via an interfacial polar discontinuity and the three-dimensional (3D) carrier density is modulated by changing the width of the quantum well. It is shown that even at 3D densities well below one electron per site, short-range Coulomb interactions become apparent in transport, and an insulating state emerges at a critical density. We also discuss the role of disorder in the insulating state.

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