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Utilizing Microcavities To Suppress Third-Order Cascades in Fifth-Order Raman Spectra


Nonlinear optical signals in the condensed phase are often accompanied by sequences of lower-order processes, known as cascades, which share the same phase matching and power dependence on the incoming fields and are thus hard to distinguish. The suppression of cascading in order to reveal the desired nonlinear signal has been a major challenge in multidimensional Raman spectroscopy, that is, the χ(5) signal being masked by cascading signals given by a product of two χ(3) processes. Because cascading originates from the exchange of a virtual photon between molecules, it can be manipulated by performing the experiment in an optical microcavity which modifies the density of radiation field modes. Using a quantum electrodynamical (QED) treatment, we demonstrate that the χ(3) cascading contributions can be greatly suppressed. By optimizing the cavity size and the incoming pulse directions, we show that up to ∼99.5% suppression of the cascading signal is possible.

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