Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

New biological insights into how deforestation in amazonia affects soil microbial communities using metagenomics and metagenome-assembled genomes

  • Author(s): Kroeger, ME
  • Delmont, TO
  • Eren, AM
  • Meyer, KM
  • Guo, J
  • Khan, K
  • Rodrigues, JLM
  • Bohannan, BJM
  • Tringe, SG
  • Borges, CD
  • Tiedje, JM
  • Tsai, SM
  • Nüsslein, K
  • et al.
Abstract

© 2018 Kroeger, Delmont, Eren, Meyer, Guo, Khan, Rodrigues, Bohannan, Tringe, Borges, Tiedje, Tsai and Nüsslein. Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon occurs at an alarming rate, which has broad effects on global greenhouse gas emissions, carbon storage, and biogeochemical cycles. In this study, soil metagenomes and metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) were analyzed for alterations to microbial community composition, functional groups, and putative physiology as it related to land-use change and tropical soil. A total of 28 MAGs were assembled encompassing 10 phyla, including both dominant and rare biosphere lineages. Amazon Acidobacteria subdivision 3, Melainabacteria, Microgenomates, and Parcubacteria were found exclusively in pasture soil samples, while Candidatus Rokubacteria was predominant in the adjacent rainforest soil. These shifts in relative abundance between land-use types were supported by the different putative physiologies and life strategies employed by the taxa. This research provides unique biological insights into candidate phyla in tropical soil and how deforestation may impact the carbon cycle and affect climate change.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC Academic Senate's Open Access Policy. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View