Analysis of Durability of Advanced Cementitious Materials for Rigid Pavement Construction in California
- Author(s): Kurtis, Kimberly E.;
- Monteiro, Paulo
- et al.
Caltrans specifications for the construction of rigid pavements require rapid setting, high early strength, superior workability concrete with a desired 30 year plus service life. These strict specifications provide the motivation for the investigation of advanced cementitious materials for pavement construction. The cementitious materials under consideration by Caltrans may be classified into four categories: Portland cements and blends, calcium aluminate cements and blends, calcium sulfoaluminate cements, and fly ash-based cements. To achieve the desired 30+ year design life, it is essential to select materials that are expected to exhibit long-term durability. Because most of the cementitious materials under consideration have not been extensively used for pavement construction in the United States, it is essential to characterize the long-term durability of each material. This report provides general information concerning the deleterious reactions that may damage concrete pavements in California. The reactions addressed in this report are sulfate attack, aggregate reactions, corrosion of reinforcing steel, and freeze-thaw action. Specifically, the expected performance of Portland cements and blends, calcium aluminate cements and blends, calcium sulfoaluminate cements, and fly ash-based cements are examined with regard to each of the deleterious reactions listed. Additional consideration is given to any deterioration mechanism that is particular to any of these cement types. Finally, the recommended test program to for assessing potential long-term durability with respect to sulfate attack is described.