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Cardiotoxicity of amitriptyline and doxepin.

  • Author(s): Tobis, JM
  • Aronow, WS
  • et al.
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License
Abstract

The cardiotoxicity of the tricyclic antidepressants amitriptyline and doxepin were compared in an animal with acute overdose. The mean repetitive extrasystole threshold (RET) decreased 71.5% with amitriptyline and 27.5% with doxepin (mean blood levels 933 ng/ml and 1889 ng/ml). Physostigmine reversed these effects. Sodium bicarbonate had a variable effect on the lowered RET. The toxic arrhythmogenic effects of the tricyclic antidepressants can be measured by RET and are partly autonomic tone manipulation. In the same blood level range, doxepin is less toxic than amitriptyline.

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