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Factors Affecting Platelet Concentration in Platelet Concentrates from Canine Blood Donors

  • Author(s): Raleigh, JS
  • Jandrey, KE
  • Burges, J
  • Kent, MS
  • et al.
Abstract

Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Background: Physiologic factors in dogs that might contribute to enhanced platelet yield in platelet concentrates (PCs) are largely unknown. Objective: To determine whether individual differences in weight, age, preprocessing blood chemistry, and CBC variables predict the final platelet concentrations in PCs. Our hypotheses were (1) increased lipemic indices would be positively associated with increased platelet concentrations in PCs and (2) increased preprocessing platelet concentrations would be associated with higher platelet concentrations in the PCs. Animals: All blood donation records of dogs from February 2, 2009 through April 1, 2015 at the University of California—Davis Veterinary Blood Bank were examined with 104 cases included in this study. Methods: In this retrospective study, data were collected from medical records of canine blood donors. Records were reviewed for internal consistency and accuracy and subjects were included in the study if donor screening and donation occurred on the same day and a viable PC was obtained. Univariate and multivariable regressions were used to test the impact that each variable had on the final platelet concentration in PCs. Results: Final platelet concentration in PCs was positively associated with the predonation CBC platelet values (P <.001), lipemic index (P =.01), and phosphorous levels (P =.001). Collectively these 3 variables explained 29% of the variance in platelet concentrations in PCs. Conclusions and clinical importance: Future prospective studies are required to determine if canine blood donations from dogs with lipemia yield PCs with higher platelet concentrations without negatively affecting other blood components.

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