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Expanding CRISPR/Cas9 Genome Editing Capacity in Zebrafish Using SaCas9.

  • Author(s): Feng, Yan
  • Chen, Cheng
  • Han, Yuxiang
  • Chen, Zelin
  • Lu, Xiaochan
  • Liang, Fang
  • Li, Song
  • Qin, Wei
  • Lin, Shuo
  • et al.
Abstract

The type II CRISPR/Cas9 system has been used widely for genome editing in zebrafish. However, the requirement for the 5'-NGG-3' protospacer-adjacent motif (PAM) of Cas9 from Streptococcus pyogenes (SpCas9) limits its targeting sequences. Here, we report that a Cas9 ortholog from Staphylococcus aureus (SaCas9), and its KKH variant, successfully induced targeted mutagenesis with high frequency in zebrafish. Confirming previous findings, the SpCas9 variant, VQR, can also induce targeted mutations in zebrafish. Bioinformatics analysis of these new Cas targets suggests that the number of available target sites in the zebrafish genome can be greatly expanded. Collectively, the expanded target repertoire of Cas9 in zebrafish should further facilitate the utility of this organism for genetic studies of vertebrate biology.

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