Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Can Multiple Ions in an Ionic Liquid Improve the Biomass Pretreatment Efficacy?


Over the last few decades, efforts to transition the global production of fuels and chemicals toward renewable carbon feedstocks have accelerated. A large portion of these efforts have focused on valorization of one of the most abundant renewable carbon sources, lignocellulose. Pretreatment of lignocellulose is the first critical step in this process. In this study, novel ionic liquid (IL) systems consisting of multiple ions known to be effective at biomass pretreatment were tested on woody and grassy biomass. Molecular simulations and experimental results established the synergistic advantages of combining specific individual components in these systems. For pine (woody) biomass, pretreatment with the combination of imidazolium, cholinium, acetate, and lysinate ions achieved 80% glucose and 70% xylose yields at high biomass loading. For sorghum biomass, an IL system comprising cholinium, lysinate, and palmitate ions not only enabled a 98% glucose yield but was also found to be biocompatible in a one-pot configuration, producing the biofuel precursor bisabolene using an engineered strain of the yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View