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Precision of Hole-Drilling Residual Stress Depth Profile Measurements and an Updated Uncertainty Estimator

  • Author(s): Olson, MD
  • DeWald, AT
  • Hill, MR
  • et al.
Abstract

Background: Measurement precision and uncertainty estimation are important factors for all residual stress measurement techniques. The values of these quantities can help to determine whether a particular measurement technique would be viable option. Objective: This paper determines the precision of hole-drilling residual stress measurement using repeatability studies and develops an updated uncertainty estimator. Methods: Two repeatability studies were performed on test specimens extracted from aluminum and titanium shot peened plates. Each repeatability study included 12 hole-drilling measurements performed using a bespoke automated milling machine. Repeatability standard deviations were determined for each population. The repeatability studies were replicated using a commercially available manual hole-drilling milling machine (RS-200, Micro-Measurements). An updated uncertainty estimator was developed and was assessed using an acceptance criterion. The acceptance criterion compared an expected percentage of points (68%) to the fraction of points in the stress versus depth profile where the measured stresses ± its total uncertainty contained the mean stress of the repeatability studies. Results: Both repeatability studies showed larger repeatability standard deviations at the surface that decay quickly (over about 0.3 mm). The repeatability standard deviation was significantly smaller in the aluminum plate (max ≈ 15 MPa, RMS ≈ 6.4 MPa) than in the titanium plate (max ≈ 60 MPa, RMS ≈ 21.0 MPa). The repeatability standard deviations were significantly larger when using the manual milling machine in the aluminum plate (RMS ≈ 21.7 MPa), and for the titanium plate (RMS ≈ 18.9 MPa). Conclusions: The single measurement uncertainty estimate met a defined acceptance criterion based on the confidence interval of the uncertainty estimate.

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