Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UCLA

UCLA Electronic Theses and Dissertations bannerUCLA

The Effect of BMI on Community-Acquired Pneumonia Incidence and Mortality in Veterans

  • Author(s): Corey, Katelyn Chandler
  • Advisor(s): Hoggatt, Katherine J;
  • Rimoin, Anne W
  • et al.
Abstract

This study aimed to assess the effect body mass index (BMI) has on community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) incidence and mortality in the Veteran Healthcare System. A historical cohort of 3,606,564 subjects was identified between fiscal year 2010-2012, and was followed until the end of fiscal year 2015 for the outcomes of CAP and 30-day all-cause mortality post-CAP infection. A total of 210,408 cases of CAP were identified during follow-up. Men who were overweight or obese had a protective effect on CAP incidence, while women were at a slight increased risk. A sub-cohort, made up of those diagnosed with CAP, was analyzed for the association of BMI and 30-day all-cause mortality. For overweight and obese men and women there was a decrease in mortality in the 30-days post-CAP infection, supporting previous findings of the “obesity paradox”. However, new evidence has come to light that may reverse the “obesity paradox” in future studies.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View