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Distinct cytokine profiles across trajectories of self-perceived cognitive impairment among early-stage breast cancer survivors.


The aim of the current study is to identify distinct cytokine profiles in relation to self-perceived cognitive trajectories. In our study cohort (n = 128), early-stage breast cancer patients were categorized into no impairment reported, acute, delayed, persistent and intermittent cognitive decline respectively. Pro-inflammatory cytokines were elevated compared to baseline; with TNF-α implicated in the acute cognitive trajectory while IL-6 and IL-8 were involved in the persistent cognitive trajectory. Our findings help to further our understanding of cytokine profiles implicated in cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) and support the use of cytokine levels as biomarkers of cognitive decline over time.

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