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Lung transplant or bust: patients' recommendations for ideal lung transplant education.

  • Author(s): Davis, LaShara A
  • Ryszkiewicz, Eric
  • Schenk, Emily
  • Peipert, John
  • LaSee, Claire
  • Miller, Carol
  • Richardson, Greg
  • Ridolfi, Gene
  • Trulock, Elbert P
  • Patterson, G Alexander
  • Waterman, Amy
  • et al.
Abstract

CONTEXT: Effective lung transplant education helps ensure informed decision making by patients and better transplant outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To understand the educational needs and experiences of lung transplant patients. DESIGN: Mixed-method study employing focus groups and patient surveys. SETTING: Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St Louis, Missouri. PATIENTS: 50 adult lung transplant patients: 23 pretransplant and 27 posttransplant. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients' interest in receiving specific transplant information, the stage in the transplant process during which they wanted to receive the education, and the preferred format for presenting the information. RESULTS: Patients most wanted information about how to sustain their transplant (72%), when to contact their coordinator immediately (56%), transplant benefits (56%), immunosuppressants (54%), and possible out-of-pocket expenses (52%). Patients also wanted comprehensive information early in the transplant process and a review of a subset of topics immediately before transplant (time between getting the call that a potential donor has been found and getting the transplant). Patients reported that they would use Internet resources (74%) and converse with transplant professionals (68%) and recipients (62%) most often. DISCUSSION: Lung transplant patients are focused on learning how to get a transplant and ensuring its success afterwards. A comprehensive overview of the evaluation, surgery, and recovery process at evaluation onset with a review of content about medications, pain management, and transplant recovery repeated immediately before surgery is ideal.

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