Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Electric field causes volumetric changes in the human brain.

  • Author(s): Argyelan, Miklos
  • Oltedal, Leif
  • Deng, Zhi-De
  • Wade, Benjamin
  • Bikson, Marom
  • Joanlanne, Andrea
  • Sanghani, Sohag
  • Bartsch, Hauke
  • Cano, Marta
  • Dale, Anders M
  • Dannlowski, Udo
  • Dols, Annemiek
  • Enneking, Verena
  • Espinoza, Randall
  • Kessler, Ute
  • Narr, Katherine L
  • Oedegaard, Ketil J
  • Oudega, Mardien L
  • Redlich, Ronny
  • Stek, Max L
  • Takamiya, Akihiro
  • Emsell, Louise
  • Bouckaert, Filip
  • Sienaert, Pascal
  • Pujol, Jesus
  • Tendolkar, Indira
  • van Eijndhoven, Philip
  • Petrides, Georgios
  • Malhotra, Anil K
  • Abbott, Christopher
  • et al.
Abstract

Recent longitudinal neuroimaging studies in patients with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) suggest local effects of electric stimulation (lateralized) occur in tandem with global seizure activity (generalized). We used electric field (EF) modeling in 151 ECT treated patients with depression to determine the regional relationships between EF, unbiased longitudinal volume change, and antidepressant response across 85 brain regions. The majority of regional volumes increased significantly, and volumetric changes correlated with regional electric field (t = 3.77, df = 83, r = 0.38, p=0.0003). After controlling for nuisance variables (age, treatment number, and study site), we identified two regions (left amygdala and left hippocampus) with a strong relationship between EF and volume change (FDR corrected p<0.01). However, neither structural volume changes nor electric field was associated with antidepressant response. In summary, we showed that high electrical fields are strongly associated with robust volume changes in a dose-dependent fashion.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View