Complexation and redox interactions between aqueous plutonium and manganese oxide interfaces
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Complexation and redox interactions between aqueous plutonium and manganese oxide interfaces

  • Author(s): Shaughnessy, Dawn A.
  • Nitsche, Heino
  • Booth, Corwin H.
  • Shuh, David K.
  • Waychunas, Glenn A.
  • Wilson, Richard E.
  • Cantrell, Kirk J.
  • Serne, R. Jeffrey
  • et al.
Abstract

The sorption of Pu(VI) and Pu(V) onto manganite (MnOOH) and Hausmannite (Mn3O4) was studied at pH 5. Manganite sorbed 21-24 percent from a 1x10-4 M plutonium solution and the hausmannite removed between 43-66 percent of the plutonium. The increased sorption by hausmannite results from its larger surface area (about twice that of manganite) plus a larger number of active surface sites. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectra taken at the Pu LIII edge were compared to standard spectra of plutonium in single oxidation states. Based on these spectra, it appears that both manganite and hausmannite reduce the higher valent plutonium species to Pu(IV). Between 53-59 percent of the plutonium was present as Pu(IV) in the manganite samples while 55-61 percent of the plutonium complexed to the hausmannite had also been reduced to Pu(IV). The exact mechanism behind this redox interaction between the plutonium and the manganese needs to be identified.

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