Correlation of Gleason scores with diffusion-weighted imaging findings of prostate cancer.
- Author(s): Nagarajan, Rajakumar
- Margolis, Daniel
- Raman, Steven
- Sheng, Ke
- King, Christopher
- Reiter, Robert
- Thomas, M Albert
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1155/2012/374805
The purpose of our study was to compare the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) derived from diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) of prostate cancer (PCa) patients with three classes of pathological Gleason scores (GS). Patients whose GS met these criteria (GS 3 + 3, GS 3 + 4, and GS 4 + 3) were included in this study. The DWI was performed using b values of 0, 50, and 400 s/mm(2) in 44 patients using an endorectal coil on a 1.5T MRI scanner. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were calculated from the DWI data of patients with three different Gleason scores. In patients with a high-grade Gleason score (4 + 3), the ADC values were lower in the peripheral gland tissue, pathologically determined as tumor compared to low grade (3 + 3 and 3 + 4). The mean and standard deviation of the ADC values for patients with GS 3 + 3, GS 3 + 4, and GS 4 + 3 were 1.135 ± 0.119, 0.976 ± 0.103 and 0.831 ± 0.087 mm(2)/sec. The ADC values were statistically significant (P < 0.05) between the three different scores with a trend of decreasing ADC values with increasing Gleason scores by one-way ANOVA method. This study shows that the DWI-derived ADC values may help differentiate aggressive from low-grade PCa.