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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Multiwavelength Analysis of the Merging Galaxy Cluster A115

  • Author(s): Kim, M
  • Jee, MJ
  • Finner, K
  • Golovich, N
  • Wittman, DM
  • Weeren, RJV
  • Dawson, WA
  • et al.

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© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. A115 is a merging galaxy cluster at z ∼ 0.2 with a number of remarkable features, including a giant (∼2.5 Mpc) radio relic, two asymmetric X-ray peaks with trailing tails, and a peculiar line-of-sight velocity structure. We present a multiwavelength study of A115 using optical imaging data from Subaru, X-ray data from Chandra, and spectroscopic data from the Keck/DEIMOS and MMT/Hectospec instruments. Our weak-lensing (WL) analysis shows that the cluster is composed of two subclusters whose mass centroids are in excellent agreement with the two brightest cluster galaxy positions (≲10″). By modeling A115 with a superposition of two Navarro-Frenk-White halos, we determine the masses of the northern and southern subclusters to be M 200 = 1.58 +0.56-0.49 × 10 14 M ⊙ and 3.15 +0.79-0.71 × 10 14 M ⊙ , respectively. Combining the two halos, we estimate the total cluster mass to be M 200 = 6.41 +1.08-1.04 × 10 14 M ⊙ at R 200 = 1.67 +0.10-0.09 Mpc. These WL masses are significantly (a factor of 3-10) lower than what is implied by the X-ray and optical spectroscopic data. We attribute the difference to the gravitational and hydrodynamic disruption caused by the collision between the two subclusters.

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