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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Arterial-portal fistula treated with hepatic arterial embolization and portal venous aneurysm stent-graft exclusion complicated by type 2 endoleak.

  • Author(s): Bremer, William A
  • Lokken, R Peter
  • Gaba, Ron C
  • Bui, James T
  • et al.

Intrahepatic arterioportal fistulas may be complicated by portal hypertension. An associated portal venous aneurysm (PVA) may impinge upon adjacent structures or rupture. We present a 65-year-old man with an intrahepatic Intrahepatic arterioportal fistula and 6.4 × 5.8 cm right portal vein aneurysm extending within 0.4 cm of the hepatic margin, associated with pain concerning for impending rupture. The PVA was refractory to transarterial embolization due to recruitment of arterial collaterals. Therefore, it was additionally excluded from the portal vein with a 12 mm × 9.5 cm venous stent graft. Although endovascular therapy thrombosed the aneurysm and improved symptoms, it was complicated by a type 2 endoleak into the PVA.

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