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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Effect of Strain Rate on the Tensile Mechanical Properties of Electron Beam Welded OFE Copper and High-Purity Niobium for SRF Applications

  • Author(s): Croteau, J-F;
  • Peroni, M;
  • Atieh, S;
  • Jacques, N;
  • Cantergiani, E
  • et al.

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AbstractAn investigation of the tensile mechanical properties of electron beam welded OFE copper and high-purity niobium sheets is presented. Specimens were deformed in tension at strain rates ranging from 10−3 to ~ 1600 s−1. The 0.2% yield stress and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of the welded niobium specimens are similar to those of unwelded specimens at strain rates lower or equal to 20 s−1. At higher strain rates, these mechanical properties are lower for welded niobium specimens. The 0.2% yield stress of welded OFE copper specimens is consistently lower than unwelded specimens over the range of strain rates studied, while the UTS is comparable at all strain rates. The elongation to failure of welded OFE copper specimens remains unchanged at all strain rates while the ductility of niobium specimens reduces at strain rates greater or equal to 20 s−1 and reaches a minimum at ~ 400 s−1. The effects of the weld on a non-standardized short specimen geometry, developed for this study to obtain strain rates in the order of 103 s−1, are more pronounced for niobium due to large grain sizes (up to 1200 μm) in the fusion region. However, comparable strength and ductility trends, with respect to a standard specimen, were measured at low strain rates. The conservation of strength and the relatively high ductility of the welded sheets, especially for OFE copper, suggest that bent and electron beam welded tubes could be used for the fabrication of seamless superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cavities. These results are promising for the use of high-speed forming techniques, like electro-hydraulic forming, for the manufacturing of parts using welded tubes and sheets.

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