Exponential strand-displacement amplification for detection of micrornas
- Author(s): Shi, C
- Liu, Q
- Ma, C
- Zhong, W
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1021/ac4038043
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are promising targets for disease diagnosis. However, miRNA detection requires rapid, sensitive, and selective detection to be effective as a diagnostic tool. Herein, a miRNA-initiated exponential strand-displacement amplification (SDA) assay was reported. With the Klenow fragment, nicking enzyme Nt.AlwI, and two primers, the miRNA target can trigger two cycles of nicking, polymerization, and displacement reactions. These reaction cycles amplified the target miRNA exponentially and generated dsDNAs detectable with SYBR Green I in real-time PCR. As low as 16 zmol of the target miRNA was detected by this one-pot assay within 90 min, and the dynamic range spanned over 9 orders of magnitude. Negligible impact from the complex biological matrix was observed on the amplification reaction, indicating the assay's capability to directly detect miRNAs in biofluids. © 2013 American Chemical Society.