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Sleep and Epilepsy, Clinical Spectrum and Updated Review.

  • Author(s): Wu, Ting
  • Avidan, Alon Y
  • Engel, Jerome
  • et al.
Abstract

Electroencephalogram (EEG) recording is essential in the evaluation of complex movement and behaviors during sleep, but in particular for differentiating epileptic versus nonepileptic events. In general, epileptiform discharges occur with greater density in the first few nonerapid eye movement cycles, and approximately 12% to 20% of seizures occur exclusively at night. This review examines the epilepsy types and syndromes whose presentation is strongly influenced by the sleep state, with an appraisal about the role that sleep plays in facilitating seizures, while deleaneatign EEG findings and clinical manifestation. The review will summarize the typical semiology of sleep-related hypermotor seizures and contrasted with those occurring during none/rapid eye movement parasomnias and sleep-related movement disorders.

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